Iron Age biconical cinerary urn

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Description

ITEMBiconical cinerary urn
MATERIALPottery
CULTUREIron Age, Villanovan
PERIOD7th Century B.C
DIMENSIONS210 mm x 140 mm
CONDITIONGood condition, repaired, see pictures
PROVENANCEEx Dutch private collection, acquired between 1960 – 1980

The burial characteristics relate the Villanovan culture to the Central European Urnfield culture (c. 1300–750 BC) and Celtic Hallstatt culture that succeeded the Urnfield culture. It is not possible to tell these apart in their earlier stages. Cremated remains were placed in cinerary urns, specifically in biconical urns and then buried. The urns were a form of Villanovan pottery known as impasto. A custom believed to originate with the Villanovan culture is the usage of hut-shaped urns, which were cinerary urns fashioned like the huts in which the villagers lived. Typical sgraffito decorations of swastikas, meanders, and squares were scratched with a comb-like tool. Urns were accompanied by simple bronze fibulae, razors and rings.