Roman oil lamp with cockerel and ‘L.MADIEC’ stamp

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Description

ITEMFactory oil lamp with cockerel and ‘L.MADIEC’ stamp, for Lucius Munatius Adiectus
MATERIALTerracotta
CULTURERoman
PERIOD1st Century A.D
DIMENSIONS46 mm x 75 mm x 125 mm
CONDITIONGood condition
PROVENANCEEx Emeritus collection (USA), collected from the 1950’s to the 1980’s by a distinguished university professor who served as Department head, Dean and Vice President of a major university.
PARALLELDENEAUVE, J., Lampes de Carthage, Plate LIII, Fig. 519 and Pl. XLI, Fig. 360 (Iconography)

Production of oil lamps shifted to Italy as the main source of supply in the Early Roman era. Molds began to be used, and lamps were produced in large scale in factories. All lamps are closed in type. The lamp is produced in two parts, the upper part with the spout and the lower part with the fuel chamber. Most are of the characteristic “Imperial Type”—round, with nozzles of different forms (volute, semi-volute, U-shaped), a closed body, a central disk decorated with reliefs and a filling hole.

With the systematic use from the 1st century BC of moulds in the process of manufacturing ceramic oi lamps, the discs, until now free of decoration, were gradually covered with a rich and varied iconographic repertoire (vegetable crowns, animals, scenes from everyday life, etc.)